The mainstream media has this as a leading headline today… Recession Stalks Germany as Breakeven Rates Drop: Euro Credit.
The falling cost of protecting against inflation in the German bond market portends a deeper slowdown in Europe’s largest economy, signalling the effects of the continent’s debt crisis are edging closer to the core.
The two-year breakeven rate, a gauge of inflation expectations, dropped to minus 0.45 percentage point for Germany from 1.04 percentage point a year ago, and has remained negative since the end of May. The rate reflects investors selling index- linked bonds in favor of regular securities because they reckon consumer prices will start declining.
“Germany is most probably heading for a recession,” said Humayun Shahryar, chief executive officer of Auvest Capital Management Ltd., a fund company in Nicosia, Cyprus, overseeing $100 million. “We are going through a debt crisis inEurope, and massive global economic slowdown. I’m not sure how Germany will be able to escape that.”
As the biggest contributor to bailouts for indebted euro partners, the risk is that economic travails at home make it even harder to convince German voters to loosen their purse strings just as yields on Spanish bonds suggest the country will be next in line for a rescue.
German exporters Puma SE, Europe’s second-largest sporting- goods maker, and Siemens AG, the region’s largest engineering company, both said this month they are suffering from the debt crisis as sales and orders fail to meet expectations. Eight of the 17 euro nations are in recession.
The year-on-year growth rate for the German economy, which accounts for 27 percent of the euro region’s gross domestic product, has fallen for four consecutive quarters.
I believe Germany poses the biggest threat to global harmony for 2012. Here’s why…
European banks are (in addition to borrowing on a secured basis from those customers they usually lend to) also paying insurers and pension funds to take their illiquid bonds in exchange for better quality ones, in a desperate bid to secure much-needed cash from the ECB, which only provides cash against collateral. This may not be as safe a measure as it sounds. Below is a sensitivity analysis of Generali’s (a highly leveraged Italian insurer, subscribers see Exposure of European insurers to PIIGS) sovereign debt holdings.
As you can see, Generali is highly leveraged into PIIGS debt, with 400% of its tangible equity exposed. Despite such leveraged exposure, I calculate (off the cuff, not an in depth analysis) that it took a 10% hit to Tangible Equity. Now, that’s a lot, but one would assume that it would have been much worse. What saved it? Diversification into Geman bunds, whose yield went negative, thus throwing off a 14% return. Not bad for alleged AAA fixed income. But let’s face it, Germany lives in the same roach motel as the rest of the profligate EU, they just rent the penthouse suite! Remember, Germany is not in recession after a rip roaring bull run in its bonds, and I presume the recession should get much deeper since as a net exporter it has to faces its trading partners going broke. Below you see what happens if the bund returns were simply run along the historical trend line (with not extreme bullishness of the last year).
Companies such as Generali would instantly lose a third of their tangible equity. This is quite conservative, since the profligate states bonds would probably collapse unless the spreads shrink, which is highly doubtful. Below you see what would happen if bunds were to take a 10% loss.
That’s right, a 10% loss in bunds translates into a near 50% loss in tangible equity to this insurer, which would realistically be 60% plus as the rest of the EU portfolio will compress in solidarity. Combine this with the fact that insurers operating results are facing historically unprecedented stress (see You Can Rest Assured That The Insurance Industry Is In For Guaranteed Losses!) and it’s not hard to imagine marginal insurers seeing equity totally wiped out. The same situation is evident in banks and pension funds as well as real estate entities dependent on financing in the near to medium term – basically, the entire FIRE sector in both European and US markets (that’s right, don’t believe those who say the US banks have decoupled from Europe).
Images: Flickr (licence/attribution)
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Reggie Middleton is an entrepreneurial investor who guides a small team of independent analysts to uncover truths, seldom if, ever published in the mainstream media or Wall Street analysts reports. Since the inception of his BoomBustBlog, he has established an outstanding track record